skip to Main Content
「名物」茶道具のはじまり

茶道具の中には、「名物」と呼ばれて尊ばれるものがあります。名物の起源は、公家が楽器、武家が日本刀などに名前を付け、愛情をそそいだ歴史に遡ります。室町時代には、これが茶道具へと広がりました。永享6年(1434)、『満済准后日記』に「九重」という名前の茶壺が登場し、これが最初の名前の付いた茶道具と考えられています。以後、まず茶壺、茶入に名前が附けられ、やがて茶碗や花入にもひろがりました。

Meibutsu

Some particularly admired tea utensils are called meibutsu. “Meibutsu” means “named thing” and every meibutsu has a special poetic name. The first meibutsu were not tea utensils, but musical instruments that were loved by courtiers, or swords loved by samurai.

In the 15th century, people who loved tea culture adopted this refined tradition for tea utensils. The first tea utensil given a poetic name seems to have been a tea leaf jar called Kokonoe (nine fold), mentioned in 1434 in the Mansaijugô-nikki, the dairy of the head of Daigo-ji in Kyôto.

People gave “poetic names” to tea leaf jars first, and then the tradition of giving names spread to tea caddies for powdered tea, and later tea bowls and vases.

Back To Top
×Close search
Search